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  • 1.0:
    The most significant activity limitation, players in sport class 1.0 have no trunk control and cannot bend forward or sideways or rotate to catch and pass the ball. To keep a stable position, the backrest of the wheelchair is higher and the athletes are strapped to the wheelchair.
  • 2.0:
    These players can move and lean forward and rotate their body to some extent, allowing them to catch the ball within a larger radius. Their wheelchairs have a higher backrest and strapping for trunk support.
  • 3.0:
    Trunk control of the players in this class allows them to fully rotate and lean forward, but does not allow them to lean to the sides.
  • 4.0:
    While 4.0 players can move forward and rotate similar to those in 3.0, they can also partially lean to the sides.
  • 4.5:
    Players in this sport class have the least eligible impairment and no restriction in trunk rotation or leaning forward or sideways. An athlete can also be allocated sport classes 1.5, 2.5 or 3.5. The activity profile of these half-pointers fits between the profiles of the lower and higher class.
  • Fairness Between Two Teams:
    Each team of five players is only allowed to have 14 points on the field of play at the same time.



Wheelchair basketball is similar to conventional basketball, where players pass or dribble the ball to move it around the court; however, they must throw or bounce the ball after pushing their wheelchair twice. Otherwise, they will be penalized for traveling. The objective is to shoot the ball into the opposing team’s basket. Depending on the place where the ball was thrown, one, two or three points will be scored. The team with the highest score wins.


Wheelchair basketball was one of the original sports in the Paralympic program in Rome in 1960. This sport is one of the most popular sports in the Paralympic Games. Wheelchair Basketball was created to rehabilitate American soldiers injured during the World War II, but its popularity quickly spread around the world. Currently, over 80 countries practice this sport.