|Team Sprint||Team Sprint|
|Team Pursuit||Team Pursuit|
Sprint bicycles should be used with no brakes or gears. They have a fixed gear so pedals do not stop until the wheel does. They could be stopped by applying force against the pedals. Riders wear body-hugging skin suits and aerodynamic helmets to reduce drag. Cyclists can reach more than 80 kilometers per hour.
All riders will participate in a 200-meter time trial competition to determine the 12 fastest riders that will qualify for the sprint competition in the 1/8 final. After the semifinals, two heats will be held and, if necessary, a third heat to break the tie.
Riders will compete in heats of four to seven riders. The race will run over six laps of the track. For the first 3.5 laps, the riders must remain immediately behind a derny (a light motorcycle), which will progressively increase its speed from 30 to 50 km/h. The derny will exit the track with approximately 2.5 laps to go (between 600 to 700 meters from the end) and the riders will complete the remaining distance.
The team pursuit is an event in which two teams face each other starting at opposite ends of the track. Men’s and women’s competitions consists of 4 km courses with teams of four riders. During this qualifying round, each team will race alone. According to the number of athletes entered, the commissaires’ panel can decide if heats will be contested with two teams on the track. The team that catches up with the other team or makes the best time wins. Qualifying rounds will be held in order to determine the eight best teams.
In the team sprint event, two opposing teams face each other and each rider has to ride for one lap. The men’s event consists of three laps around the track with teams of three riders. The women’s event consists of two laps around the track with teams of two riders. Qualifying events will determine the best four teams based on their times. The top two teams will compete in the final for the first and second place; the other two teams will compete for the third and fourth place.
This single competition will comprise four events held over one day. Riders will score points based on their ranking in each of the first three events. Each winner will be awarded 40 points, each first runner-up will be awarded 38 points and each second runner-up will be awarded 36 points, and so on. Before the start of the points race, an updated ranking will be established based on the total points earned in the first three events. Riders will win or lose points according to the corresponding regulations for the points race. The winner will be the rider with the most points at the end of the points race.
Madison is an event that is contested with intermediate sprints between teams of two riders. Ranking is determined according to total points earned. Intermediate sprints will be disputed every ten laps with a total distance equal or close to 50 kilometers for men and 30 kilometers for women. Five points will be awarded to the first team of each intermediate sprint, three points to the second team, two points to the third team and one point to the fourth team. Points earned in the last sprint, after covering the full distance, will be doubled (10, 6, 4, 2 points). If there is a tie, the final sprint ranking will be the tie breaker. In Lima 2019, this sport will be held at the Velodrome of the National Sports Village (VIDENA).
Track cycling dates back to the 19th century and the first World Championship was held in 1895. Races take place in a velodrome on a 250-meter oval track.